Asylum applications are examined in eight divisions referred to as geographic divisions. Since January 2017, these divisions have been divided into two separate examining units:
|Pôle Europe - Asia||Pôle Americas - Africa|
|Europe / Middle-East 1 (EU)||Africa 1 (AF)|
|Europe / Middle-East 2 (EA)||Africa 2 (AA)|
|Asia 1 (AS)||Americas-Maghreb 1 (AM)|
|Asia 2 (AI)||Americas-Maghreb 2 (MA)|
Each division is further divided into several examining sections, with 8 to 12 protection officers working in each. There are around 350 protection officers in charge of examining asylum applications at Ofpra.
The purpose of geographic specialisation is to ensure examining expertise. Ofpra must also ensure that the workload is divided fairly and be capable of adapting quickly to changes in the flows of applications. To that end, examination of applications submitted by certain nationalities with particularly high volume is pooled between the eight geographic divisions.
The Europe-Asia unit
- The Europe / Middle-East 1 (EU) - Division head : Aline Montaubrie
- The Europe / Middle-East 2 (EA) - Division head : François Corbin
These divisions examine asylum applications submitted by nationals of Eastern European countries, the former USSR, the Balkans, the Middle East, Turkey, central Asia and Iran.
The office for stateless persons, which examines applications for statelessness status, is attached to the Europe/Middle East 1 division.
- The Asia 1 (AS) - Division head : Pascal Roig
- The Asia 2 (AI) - Division head : Pascal Lieutaud
These divisions primarily examine asylum applications submitted by nationals of Asian countries (with the exception of Central Asia) and Oceania.
Since 1 April 2016, the Asylum at the Border mission has been attached to the Asia 1 division.
- The Africa 1 - Division head : Franck Eyheraguibel
- The Africa 2 - Division head : Guillaume Lefèbvre
These divisions primarily examine asylum applications submitted by nationals of Sub-Saharan African countries.
The branch of Ofpra in Mayotte is attached to the division Africa 1.
- The Americas-Maghreb 1 (AM) - Division head : Laurence Duclos
- The Americas-Maghreb 2 (MA) - Division head : Valérie Vivien
These divisions examine asylum applications submitted by nationals of North Africa, the Horn of Africa, the Americas and the Caribbean.
The branch of Ofpra in Cayenne is attached to the division Americas-Maghreb 1.