The term "" initially referred to Vietnamese refugees attempting to flee their country on makeshift boats in April 1975. It was then used to describe all South-East Asian refugees fleeing their country (Laotians, Cambodians). The conditions surrounding their reception are specific as the French Government determined the number of refugees that the State was in a position to receive, and the Red Cross was responsible for assisting their journey to France. Once on national soil, these refugees submitted an individual recognition application to Ofpra. status was recognised almost systematically in their case.